A healthy diet is very important. Eating right can help prevent a number of problems such as high cholesterol and heart disease. But knowing exactly what a healthy diet looks like can be a challenge. Healthy food choice to lower your risk for heart disease, as well as cancer, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Following a healthy diet plan

Following 5 major food groups to help you eat a healthy diet. It also helps you choose the right portions of each food group by showing how much of each group belongs on your plate.

These 5 food group categories, emphasizing the right amount of each food:

  • Grains. These include foods made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, or another cereal grain. Examples include whole wheat, brown rice, and oatmeal.
  • Vegetables. Vary your vegetables. Choose a variety of vegetables, including those that are dark green, red, and orange. Also choose peas and beans, and starchy vegetables.
  • Fruits. Any fruit or 100% fruit juice counts as part of the fruit group. Fruits may be fresh, canned, frozen, or dried. Eat them whole, cut-up, or pureed.
  • Dairy. Milk products and many foods made from milk are part of this food group. Focus on fat-free or low-fat dairy products, as well as those that are high in calcium. If you are lactose intolerant, consider options like soy, rice, and almond milk. They have 130 or fewer calories per 8 ounces and are a healthy alternative to milk.
  • Protein. Go lean on protein. Choose low-fat or lean meats and poultry. Vary your protein routine–choose more fish, nuts, seeds, peas, and beans.

Oils are not a food group, yet some, such as nut oils, have important nutrients that are good for you. Avoid solid fats, such as animal fats, because they are often high in saturated fat and contribute to heart disease.

Guidelines on physical activities also need to be focused along with diet plan. If you are not physically active, you are more likely to get heart disease and related problems such as high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.

Talk with healthcare provider before starting an exercise program. He or she can help you figure out your exercise needs, and any risk factors you have for heart disease.